Home

Flowers
Flowers For Cutting
Achillea
Alcea
Alchemilla
Allium
Amsonia
Anemone
Aquilegia
Asclepias
Aster
Astilbe
Astrantia
Baptisia
Bergenia
Campanula
Centaurea
Centranthus
Chrysanthemum
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Delphinium
Dianthus
Dicentra
Digitalis
Echinacea
Echinops
Eryngium
Eupatorium
Gaillardia
Gillenia
Grasses
Gypsophila
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Helleborus
(not foetidus)
Helenium
Heuchera
Heucherella
Hosta
Hyssopus
Iris
Lathyrus
Lavandula
Leucanthemum
Lobelia
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Marshallia
Monarda
Paeonia
Penstemon
Perovskia
Persicaria
Phlomis
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia
Platycodon
Polemonium
Primula
Rudbeckia
Salvia
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Senna
Sidalcea
Solidago
Stokesia
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Tricyrtis
Trollius
Veronica
Viola
Dried Flowers
Achillea
Actaea
Agastache
Alchemilla
Allium
Asclepias
Aster
Astrantia
Baptisia
Chelone
Coreopsis
Delphinium
Dictamnus
Echinacea
Echinops
Eryngium
Hyssopus
Lavandula
Monarda
Nepeta
Phlomis
Rheum
Rudbeckia
Salvia
Scabiosa
Sedum
Sidalcea
Solidago
Thymus
Zizia
Attract
Hummingbirds
or Butterflies

Achillea
Actaea
Agastache
Alcea
Allium
Aquilegia
Anemone
Armeria
Asclepias
Aster
Campanula
Caryopteris
Centranthus
Chrysanthemum
Coreopsis
Delphinium
Dianthus
Dicentra
Digitalis
Echinacea
Eupatorium
Geranium
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Iberis
Indigofera
Iris
Lavandula
Liatris
Lobelia
Lupinus
Malva
Monarda
Nepeta
Origanum
Penstemon
Phlomis
Phlox carolina
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia
Platycodon
Pycnanthemum
Rudbeckia
Salvia
Scabiosa
Sidalcea
Solidago
Stokesia
Veronica
Zizia

Fragrance
(For fragrant foliage
see herb list)

Achillea
Ajuga
Alcea
Arabis
Asclepias
Aurinia
Centranthus
Chrysanthemum
Clematis
Convallaria
Dianthus
Dictamnus
Echinacea
Epigaea
Galium
Hemerocallis
Hosta
Iberis
Lavandula
Lysimachia n. 'Aurea'
Meehania
Paeonia
Phlox
Spiranthes

Exceptionally
Long-Blooming

Achillea
Agastache
Alcea
Aruncus
aethusifolius
Boltonia
Calamintha
Campanula
Centaurea
Ceratostigma
Chrysanthemum
Chrysogonum
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Echinops
Dicentra eximia
Geranium
Geum
Grasses
Helenium
Helianthus
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
(everblooming or by mixing varieties)
Heuchera
Iberis
Knautia
Lavandula
Monarda
Nepeta
Patrinia gibbosa
Perovskia
Phlox carolina
Salvia
Saponaria
Saruma
Scutellaria
Sidalcea
Spiranthes
Tiarella
Veronica
Vinca
Blooms by Color
White
* Indicates creamy
or off-white

Aconitum s. 'Ivorine'*
Actaea
Alcea
Anemone
Anemonella
Arabis sturii
Aralia
Arctostaphylos
Aruncus*
Aster
Astilbe*
Astilboides
Boltonia
Campanula
Cerastium
Chelone glabra
Chrysanthemum
Clematis recta
Convallaria
Cornus
Crambe
Delphinium
Dianthus 'Coconut
Surprise'
Dicentra
Digitalis
Disporum smilacinum
Dodecatheon
Echinacea
Empetrum
Epigaea
Epimedium
Eupatorium
r. 'Chocolate'
Galium
Gaultheria
Gaylussacia
Geranium
Gillenia
Helleborus*
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Hosta
Iberis
Iris
Jeffersonia diphylla
Lamium
'White Nancy'
Leucanthemum
Liatris
Linnaea
Lysimachia
clethroides
Mitchella
Mitella
Mukdenia
Nipponanthemum
Pachysandra
Paeonia
Papaver
Penstemon
Persicaria
Phlox
Physostegia
Platycodon
Polygonatum*
Pycnanthemum
Potentilla
Rodgersia
podophylla*
Sagina
Sanguisorba
canadensis
Saxifraga
Sedum*
Smilacina*
Spiranthes
Stephanandra
Thymus
Tiarella*
Trillium grandiflora
Vaccinium
Veronicastrum
Vinca minor 'Alba'
Yellow/Gold
Achillea
Alcea
Alchemilla
Aurinia
Baptisia
Caltha
Caulophyllum
Chrysanthemum
Chrysogonum
Coreopsis
Corydalis lutea
Digitalis
Disporum flavens
Echinacea
Epimedium
Euphorbia
Gaillardia
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Iris
Kirengeshoma
Lamiastrum
Leucanthemum 'Banana Cream'
Ligularia
Lysimachia n. 'Aurea'
Meconopsis
Oenothera
Packera
Paeonia
Patrinia
Potentilla
megalantha
Ratibida
Rhus 'Gro-Low'
Rudbeckia
Saruma
Sedum
Senna
Silphium
Solidago
Stokesia 'Mary Gregory'
Stylophorum
Thalictrum dioicum
Thermopsis
Tricyrtis latifolia
Trollius
Uvularia
Waldsteinia
Zizia

Red
Achillea
Angelica
Aquilegia
Arabis
Astilbe
Astrantia (some)
Bergenia
Dianthus
Dicentra
Epimedium
Geum triflorum
Helenium
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Knautia
Lobelia
Monarda
Paeonia
Papaver
Paxistima
Persicaria 'Firetail'
Phlox p. 'Red Riding Hood'
Primula japonica
Pulsatilla
Rheum
Rumex
Sedum 'Fuldaglut'
Sempervivum
Trillium erectum

Blue
Aconitum
Agastache
Ajuga
Amsonia
Aquilegia
Aster
Baptisia australis
Brunnera
Campanula
Caryopteris
Centaurea
Ceratostigma
Clematis integrifolia
Corydalis 'Purple Leaf'
Delphinium
Dracocephalum
Echinops
Eryngium
Gentiana
Geranium
Hyssopus
Iris cristata
Iris sibirica
Jeffersonia dubia
Limonium
Lobelia siphilitica
Mertensia
Myosotis
Nepeta
Omphalodes
Penstemon
Perovskia
Phlox
Platycodon
Polemonium
Primula
Pulmonaria
Salvia
Scabiosa
Sisyrinchium
Stokesia
Veronica
Viola

Pink
Achillea
Actaea 'Chocoholic'
Alcea
Allium
Anemone
Aquilegia
Arabis
Armeria
Asclepias incarnata
Aster
Astilbe
Astrantia
Bergenia
Callirhoe
Campanula
Centaurea
Centranthus
Chelone
Chrysanthemum
Convallaria m.
'Rosea'
Coreopsis
Darmera
Delphinium
Dianthus
Dicentra
Digitalis
Dodecatheon
Epigaea
Epimedium
Filipendula
Geranium
Glaucidium
Gypsophila
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Heucherella
Indigofera
Iris s. 'Pink Haze'
Lamium
Lewisia
Lupinus 'Gallery Pink'
Macleaya
Malva
Marshallia
Monarda
Origanum
Paeonia
Papaver
Persicaria
Phlox
Platycodon
Prunella
Pulmonaria
Rodgersia
Sanguisorba obtusa
Saponaria
Saxifraga
Scabiosa 'Pink Mist'
Sedum
Sempervivum
Sidalcea
Stachys
Streptopus
Thymus
Vaccinium
Veronica 'Red Fox'

Orange
Asclepias tuberosa
Echinacea
Euphorbia 'Bonfire'
Gaillardia
Geum
Hemerocallis
Ligularia
Paeonia suffruticosa
Papaver

Green
Comptonia
Helleborus foetidus

Purple
Agastache
Alcea
Allium
Anemonopsis
Aquilegia
Aster
Baptisia
Calamintha
Campanula
Delphinium
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Epimedium
Eupatorium
Geranium
Glaucidium
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Hosta
Iris
Lamium
'Purple Dragon'
Lavandula
Liatris
Liriope
Lobelia
Lathyrus
Lupinus
Meehania
Monarda
Nepeta
Paeonia suffruticosa
Perovskia
Phlomis
Phlox
Pulmonaria
Pulsatilla
Ruellia
Salvia
Scutellaria
Stachys
Teucrium
Thalictrum
Thymus
Tradescantia
Tricyrtis
Veronica
Vernonia
Veronicastrum
'Fascination'
Viola
Xanthorhiza

Mixed Colors
Mixed Colors
Alcea ficifolia
Aquilegia 'Biedermeir'
Digitalis 'Excelsior
Hybrids'
Helleborus
'Brandywine'™
Helleborus orientalis
Helleborus 'Royal
Heritage'™
Lewisia 'Sunset
Strain'
Lupinus 'Woodfield
Hybrids'
Papaver 'Wonderland'
Primula denticulata
Verbascum 'Southern
Charm'

Blooms by Month
April
Ajuga
Aquilegia canadensis
Aurinia
Bergenia
Brunnera
Caltha
Darmera
Dicentra
Epimedium
Helleborus
Jeffersonia dubia
Lamiastrum
Lathyrus
Mertensia
Mukdenia
Pachysandra
Phlox
Primula
Pulmonaria
Pulsatilla
Saxifraga
Trillium erectum
Uvularia
Veronica 'Georgia Blue'
Vinca
Viola
May
Achillea 'Maynard's Gold'
Actaea
Ajuga
Allium
Amsonia
Anemonella
Anemone multifida
Aquilegia
Arabis
Arctostaphylos
Armeria
Aurinia
Baptisia
Bergenia
Brunnera
Caltha
Campanula
Centranthus
Clematis
Comptonia
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Dianthus
Dicentra
Digitalis
Disporum
Dodecatheon
Empetrum
Epigaea
Epimedium
Euphorbia
Galium
Geranium
Geum
Glaucidium
Grass: Carex
Gypsophila
Helleborus
Heucherella
Iberis
Iris cristata
Jeffersonia
Lamiastrum
Lathyrus
Lewisia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
nummularia
Mazus
Meconopsis
Meehania
Mertensia
Mitella
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Paeonia
Papaver
Phlox
Polemonium
Polygonatum
Potentilla
Primula
Pulmonaria
Pulsatilla
Salvia 'May Night'
Sanguinaria
Saruma
Saxifraga
Scutellaria
Sedum ternatum
Sisyrinchium
Smilacina
Stephanandra
Streptopus
Stylophorum
Tiarella
Thermopsis chinensis
Tradescantia
Trillium
Trollius
Uvularia
Vaccinium
Veronica
Vinca
Viola
Waldsteinia
Xanthorhiza
Zizia
June
Achillea
Ajuga
Alchemilla
Amsonia
Anemone canadensis
Anemone multifida
Anemonella
Aquilegia
Arabis
Aralia
Arctostaphylos
Armeria
Aruncus
Astilbe
Astrantia
Aurinia
Baptisia
Callirhoe
Campanula
Caulophyllum
Centaurea
Centranthus
Cerastium
Chrysogonum
Clematis
Comptonia
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Cornus
Corydalis
Crambe
Delphinium
Dianthus
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Dodecatheon
Dracocephalum
Echinacea
Empetrum
Epimedium
Euphorbia
Gaillardia
Galium
Geranium
Geum
Glaucidium
Gypsophila
Helenium
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Heucherella
Hosta
Iberis
Iris
Jeffersonia
Lamium
Leucanthemum
Lewisia
Linnaea
Liriope
Lupinus
Lysimachia
nummularia
Meehania
Mitchella
Mitella
Nepeta
Oenothera
Omphalodes
Origanum
Paeonia
Papaver
Penstemon
Persicaria
Phlomis
Phlox
Platycodon
Polemonium
Polygonatum
Potentilla
Rheum
Rodgersia
Ruellia
Rumex
Salvia
Saponaria
Saruma
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Sempervivum
Sidalcea
Sisyrinchium
Smilacina
Stachys
Stephanandra
Streptopus
Stylophorum
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Thymus
Tiarella
Tradescantia
Trillium
Trollius
Vaccinium
Veronica
Waldsteinia
July
Achillea
Aconitum
Actaea racemosa
Agastache
Alcea
Alchemilla
Amsonia
Anemone canadensis
Angelica
Aquilegia
Aralia
Armeria
Aruncus
Asclepias
Aster f. 'Monch'
Astilbe
Astilboides
Astrantia
Calamintha
Callirhoe
Campanula
Caryopteris
Centaurea
Cerastium
Chrysogonum
Clematis
Coreopsis
Cornus
Corydalis
Delphinium
Dianthus
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Dracocephalum
Echinacea
Echinops
Eryngium
Filipendula
Gaillardia
Gaultheria
Gentiana
Geranium
Geum
Gillenia
Grass: Carex
appalachica
Gypsophila
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Hosta
Hyssopus
Iris
Knautia
Lamium
Lavandula
Leucanthemum
Liatris
Ligularia
Limonium
Linnaea
Liriope
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Malva
Marshallia
Mitchella
Monarda
Nepeta
Oenothera
Origanum
Papaver
Patrinia
Penstemon
Perovskia
Persicaria
Phlomis
Phlox
Physostegia
Platycodon
Polemonium
Potentilla
Pycnanthemum
Ratibida
Persicaria
Rheum
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Ruellia
Rumex
Sagina
Salvia
Saponaria
Saruma
Scabiosa
Sedum
Sempervivum
Senna
Sidalcea
Sisyrinchium
Stachys
Stokesia
Teucrium
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Thymus
Tradescantia
Verbascum
Veronica
Veronicastrum
August
Achillea
Aconitum
Actaea
Agastache
Alcea
Alchemilla
Anemone
Anemonopsis
Angelica
Artemisia lactiflora
Asclepias
Aster
Astilbe
Astilboides
Boltonia
Calamintha
Callirhoe
Campanula
Caryopteris
Centaurea
Ceratostigma
Chelone
Chrysanthemum
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Dicentra
Digitalis grandiflora
Dracocephalum
Echinacea
Echinops
Eryngium
Eupatorium
Filipendula
Gaillardia
Gaultheria
Gentiana
Geranium
Gillenia
Grasses
Gypsophila
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Hosta
Hyssopus
Knautia
Lamium
Lavandula
Liatris
Ligularia
Limonium
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Malva
Marshallia
Monarda
Nepeta
Oenethera
Origanum
Patrinia
Penstemon
Perovskia
Persicaria
Phlox
Physostegia
Platycodon
Potentilla
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Sagina
Salvia
Sanguisorba
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Senna
Sidalcea
Silphium
Solidago
Stachys
Stokesia
Teucrium
Thalictrum
Thymus
Tricyrtis
Verbascum
Vernonia
Veronica
Veronicastrum
September
Achillea
Actaea
Agastache
Alcea
Allium
Anemone
Angelica
Artemisia lactiflora
Aster
Boltonia
Calamintha
Campanula
Centaurea
Ceratostigma
Chelone
Chrysanthemum
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Dicentra
Echinacea
Echinops
Eryngium
Eupatorium
Gaillardia
Gentiana
Geranium
Grasses
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Heuchera villosa
Hosta
Hyssopus
Kirengeshoma
Lavandula
Ligularia
Limonium
Lobelia
Lysimachia
Malva
Nepeta
Nipponanthemum
Origanum
Patrinia
Perovskia
Persicaria
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia
Rudbeckia
Sanguisorba
Saruma
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Senna
Silphium
Solidago
Stokesia
Tricyrtis
Vernonia
Veronica
October
Actaea
Agastache
Allium
Anemone
Aster
Boltonia
Calamintha
Ceratostigma
Chrysanthemum
Coreopsis
Eupatorium r. 'Chocolate'
Grasses
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Nipponanthemum
Rudbeckia
Sanguisorba
Sedum
Solidago
Tricyrtis
Vernonia
Veronica
 
Plants by Height
Under 8 "
Achillea 'Maynard's Gold'
Ajuga
Alchemila alpina
Allium senescens
Anemonella
Aquilegia
Arabis
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia 'Boughton Silver'
Asarum
Aster e. 'Schneegitter'
Cerastium
Chrysogonum
Convallaria
Cornus
Dianthus
Empetrum
Epigaea
Epimedium
Galium
Gaultheria
Gaylussacia
Geranium
dalmaticum
Hedera
Heuchera
Hosta
Iris cristata
Lamium
Lewisia
Lysimachia
nummularia
Microbiota
Mitella
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Persicaria affinis
Phlox subulata
Polygonatum humile
Potentilla
Sagina
Saxifraga
Sedum
Sempervivum
Thymus
Tiarella
Vinca
Viola
Waldsteinia
8” - 1 1/2’
(8 - 18”)

Achillea
Alchemilla mollis
Amsonia
Anemone canadensis
Anemone multifida
Aquilegia
Armeria
Aruncus aethusifolius
Aster
Astilbe 'Pumila'
Aurinia
Bergenia
Brunnera
Calamintha
Caltha
Campanula
Centaurea
Ceratostigma
Chrysanthemum
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Delphinium
Dicentra eximia
Digitalis
Dodecatheon
Dracocephalum
Epimedium
Euphorbia
Ferns
Gaillardia
Gaylussacia
Gentiana
Geranium
Geum
Grasses
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Hosta
Hyssopus
Jeffersonia
Lamiastrum
Lathyrus
Leucanthemum
'Snowcap'
Liriope
Lobelia 'Grape Knee High'
Marshallia
Meehania
Mertensia
Microbiota
Mukdenia
Nepeta
Oenothera
Papaver
Patrinia gibbosa
Phlox
Physostegia
Polemonium
Polygonatum falcatum
dwarf form
Pulmonaria
Pulsatilla
Ruellia
Rumex
Salvia
Saponaria
Saruma
Sedum
Smilacina
Solidago
Stachys
Stokesia
Thymus
Tiarella
Trillium
Vaccinium
Veronica
Zizia
11/2’ - 2 1/2’
(18 - 30")

Achillea
Aconitum s. 'Ivorine'
Agastache
Amsonia
Anemone
Aquilegia
Artemisia
Asclepias
Aster
Astilbe
Astrantia
Baptisia
Campanula
Caryopteris
Caulophyllum
Centaurea
Centranthus
Chelone
Chrysanthemum
Coreopsis
Dendranthemum
Dicentra spectabilis
Digitalis
Disporum
Echinops
Eryngium
Eupatorium d. 'Baby Joe'
Euphorbia
Ferns
Geranium
Glaucidium
Grasses
Gypsophilia
Helenium
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Hosta
Iris
Lavandula
Ligularia
'Little Rocket'
Limonium
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Malva
Mertensia
Nepeta
Nipponanthemum
Oenothera
Origanum
Papaver
Penstemon
Perovskia 'Little Spire'
Phlox
Platycodon
Polemonium
Polygonatum
Pycnanthemum
Rudbeckia
Salvia
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Sidalcea
Smilacina
Solidago
Stephanandra
Stokesia 'Omega
Skyrocket'
Teucrium
Tricyrtis
Trollius
Verbascum
Veronica
Xanthorhiza
2 1/2’ - 4’
(30 - 48”)

Achillea
Aconitum
Actaea
Amsonia
Anemone
Aquilegia
Aralia
Aruncus d. 'Kneiffi'
Asclepias
Aster
Astilbe
Baptisia
Boltonia
Campanula
Caulophyllum
Chelone
Clematis
Comptonia
Darmera
Delphinium
Dicentra spectabilis
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Echinacea
Ferns
Filipendula
Gillenia
Grasses
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Hosta
Iris
Kirengeshoma
Leucanthemum
Ligularia
Lobelia
Lupinus
Monarda
Nepeta
Paeonia
Penstemon
Perovskia
Persicaria 'Firetail'
Phlox carolina
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Scutellaria
Senna
Solidago
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Veronicastrum
Xanthorhiza
4’ and up
(48”+)

Actaea
Alcea
Aralia
Artemisia lactiflora
Aruncus dioicus
Coreopsis tripteris
Delphinium
Digitalis
Eupatorium
Ferns
Filipendula
Grasses
Helenium
Helianthus
Macleaya
Perovskia
Persicaria polymorpha
Phlox paniculata
Polygonatum
Ratibida
Rheum
Rudbeckia 'Herbstsonne'
Sanguisorba
Silphium
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Veronicastrum
     
Light Requirements
Moist, Sun
Achillea
Aconitum
Ajuga
Alcea
Alchemilla
Allium
Amsonia
Angelica
Aquilegia
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia lactiflora
Aster
Astilbe
Astrantia
Aurinia
Baptisia
Boltonia
Caltha
Centaurea
Centranthus
Ceratostigma
Chelone
Chrysanthemum
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Delphinium
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Echinacea
Empetrum
Epimedium
Eryngium
Eupatorium
Euphorbia
Fern: Dennstaedtia punctiloba
Filipendula
Gaylussacia
Gentiana
Geranium
Geum
Gillenia
Grasses
Gypsophila
Helenium
Helianthus
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Hosta
Hyssopus
Iberis
Indigofera
Iris
Liriope
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Mazus
Monarda
Nepeta
Nipponanthemum
Oenothera
Paeonia
Papaver
Patrinia
Penstemon
Persicaria
Phlox
Physostegia
Polemonium
Potentilla
Pulsatilla
Pycnanthemum
Rheum
Rudbeckia
Rumex
Sagina
Salvia
Sanguisorba
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Sempervivum
Senna
Sidalcea
Silphium
Solidago
Stephanandra
Stokesia
Teucrium
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Trollius
Veronica
Veronicastrum
Vinca
Waldsteinia
Zizia
Dry Sun
Achillea
Agastache
Anthemis
Arabis
Arctostaphylos
Armeria
Artemisia - gray foliage
Asclepias
Aster linariifolius
Aurinia
Baptisia
Calamintha
Campanula glomerata
Campanula
poscharskyana
Caryopteris
Centaurea
Centranthus
Cerastium
Comptonia
Coreopsis
verticillata
Dianthus
Digitalis grandiflora
Echinacea
Echinops
Empetrum
Eryngium
Euphorbia
Fern: Dennstaedtia punctiloba
Geranium
macrorrhizumGrasses
Gypsophila
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Hyssopus
Iberis
Indigofera
Lathyrus
Lavandula
Lewisia
Limonium
Liriope
Lupinus
Malva
Microbiota
Nepeta
Origanum
Perovskia
Phlox subulata
Platycodon
Potentilla
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Salvia
Saponaria
Scabiosa
Scutellaria
Sedum
Solidago
Stachys
Teucrium
Thymus
Vaccinium
Vernonia
Xanthorhiza
Partial Shade
(Ranging from dappled with high trees to medium shade with no direct sunlight.)Aconitum
Actaea
Ajuga
Alcea
Alchemilla
Amsonia
Anemone
Anemonella
Angelica
Aquilegia
Arabis
Aralia
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia lactiflora
Aruncus
Asarum
Aster divaricatus
Aster macrophyllus
Astilbe
Astrantia
Bergenia
Brunnera
Caltha
Campanula
Caulophyllum
Ceratostigma
Chelone
Chrysanthemum
Convallaria
Cornus
Corydalis
Darmera
Delphinium
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Dodecatheon
Echinacea
Empetrum
Epimedium
Euphorbia
Ferns
Filipendula
Galium
Gaultheria
Gaylussacia
Gentiana
Geranium
Geum
Gillenia
Glaucidium
Grasses
Hedera
Helenium
Helianthus
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Heucherella
Hosta
Iberis
Iris
Indigofera
Jeffersonia
Kirengeshoma
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Lathyrus
Leucanthemum
Ligularia
Liriope
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Malva
Marshallia
Meehania
Mertensia
Microbiota
Mitella
Monarda
Mukdenia
Oenothera
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Paeonia
Patrinia
Penstemon
Persicaria
Phlox divaricata
Phlox stolonifera
Physostegia
Platycodon
Polemonium
Polygonatum
Pulmonaria
Pulsatilla
Pycnanthemum
Rheum
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Ruellia
Rumex
Sagina
Sanguisorba
Saruma
Saxifraga
Sempervivum
Senna
Sidalcea
Smilacina
Solidago
Stephanandra
Stokesia
Stylophorum
Thermopsis
Tiarella
Tricyrtis
Trillium
Trollius
Vaccinium
Veronicastrum
Vinca
Viola
Waldsteinia
Xanthorhiza
Zizia
Deep Shade
(Light is obscurred
or is reflected light.)

Actaea
Anemonella
Asarum
Astilbe
Bergenia
Brunnera
Campanula
Caulophyllum
Chelone
Convallaria
Darmera
Dicentra eximia
Epimedium
Ferns
Galium
Grasses: Carex
Luzula
Hedera
Helleborus
Heuchera
Hosta
Iris cristata
Kirengeshoma
Lamium
Lamiastrum
Lathyrus
Liriope
Meehania
Mertensia
Mitella
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Phlox stolonifera
Polygonatum
Pulmonaria
Tiarella
Tricyrtis
Vinca
Viola
Waldsteinia
Xanthorhiza

Dry Shade
Alchemilla
Asarum canadense
Aster divaricatus
Brunnera
Campanula
Convallaria
Chrysogonum
Dicentra eximia
Epimedium
Fern: Dennstaedtia
Galium
Grass: Carex
pensylvanica
Helianthus
Helleborus foetidus
Hemerocallis
Heuchera villosa
Hosta
Iberis
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Lathyrus
Omphalodes
Phlox stolonifera
Polygonatum
Polystichum
Pulmonaria
Rudbeckia
Saruma
Tiarella
Vaccinium
Vinca
Viola
Waldsteinia
Xanthorhiza

Foliage Texture
Fine Texture
Achillea
Amsonia
Anemone multifida
Aquilegia
Arabis sturii
Armeria
Arctostophylos
Artemisia
Aruncus
Asclepias
Aster
Astilbe
Calamintha
Caulophyllum
Centranthus
Cerastium
Coreopsis verticillata
Corydalis
Dianthus
Empetrum
Ferns
Galium
Geranium
Gillenia
Grasses
Gypsophila
Helianthus salicifolius
Iberis
Limonium
Lysimachia nummularia
Microbiota
Origanum
Perovskia
Phlox subulata
Polemonium
Potentilla
Pulsatilla
Sagina
Saponaria
Saxifraga
Sedum
Senna
Sisyrinchium
Stephanandra
Stylophorum
Teucrium
Thalictrum
Thymus
Vaccinium
Veronica
Medium Texture
Aconitum
Actaea
Agastache
Ajuga
Alcea
Alchemilla
Allium
Anemone
Angelica
Aralia
Artemisia 'Boughton Silver'
Aruncus dioicus
Asarum
Aster
Astrantia
Aurinia
Baptisia
Boltonia
Caltha
Campanula
Centaurea
Ceratostigma
Chelone
Chrysogonum
Clematis recta
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Cornus
Delphinium
Dicentra spectabilis
Dictamnus
Dodecatheon
Echinacea
Echinops
Epimedium
Euphorbia
Eryngium
Ferns
Filipendula
Gaillardia
Gaultheria
Gaylussacia
Gentiana
Geranium
Geum
Grasses
Hedera
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Heucherella
Hosta
Hyssopus
Indigofera
Iris
Jeffersonia
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Lathyrus
Lavandula
Lewisia
Liriope
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Malva
Marshallia
Meehania
Mertensia
Mitella
Monarda
Mukdenia
Nepeta
Oenothera
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Paeonia
Papaver
Patrinia
Penstemon
Phlox
Physostegia
Platycodon
Polygonatum
Pulmonaria
Ratibida
Rumex
Salvia
Sanguisorba
Saruma
Scabiosa
Sedum
Sempervivum
Senna
Sidalcea
Smilacina
Solidago
Stachys
Stokesia
Thermopsis
Tiarella
Tricyrtis
Trollius
Veronicastrum
Vinca
Viola
Waldsteinia
Zizia
Bold Texture
Angelica
Aster macrophyllus
Bergenia
Brunnera
Crambe
Darmera
Digitalis
Eupatorium
Glaucidium
Helleborus
Heuchera villosa
Hosta
Kirengeshoma
Ligularia
Luzula
Macleaya
Paeonia suffruticosa
Persicaria
Rheum
Rhus
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Sedum spectabile
Silphium
Trillium
 
Foliage Color
Distinctive
Green

Aconitum
Actaea
Ajuga
Alchemilla
Angelica
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia
Aruncus
aethusifolius
Aruncus dioicus 'Kneiffi'
Asarum
Astilbe
Bergenia
Brunnera
Cornus
Darmera
Delphinium
Digitalis
'Mertonensis'
Euphorbia
Ferns
Galium
Gaylussacia
Geranium
Gillenia
Grasses
Hedera
Helleborus
Hosta
Indigofera
Kirengeshoma
Ligularia
Liriope
Lupinus
Macleaya
Microbiota
Mukdenia
Nipponanthemum
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Paeonia
Patrinia
Polemonium
Polygonatum
Potentilla
Pulmonaria
Rheum
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Saruma
Sedum 'John Creech'
Stephanandra
Thalictrum
Tiarella cordifolia
Vinca
Waldsteinia
Xanthorhiza
Gray Toned Foliage
Achillea
Allium
Artemisia
Aurinia
Cerastium
Dianthus
Dicentra (some)
Heuchera
Hostas
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Lavandula
Nepeta
Perovskia
Pulmonaria
Pycnanthemum
Salvia
Sedum
Sempervivum arachnoideum
Stachys
Thymus 'Pseudolanuginosis'

Purple Foliage
Actaea
Ajuga
Clematis recta 'Purpurea'
Corydalis 'Purple Leaf'
Epimedium
Eupatorium r. 'Chocolate'
Euphorbia 'Bonfire'
Heuchera
Ligularia
Lobelia 'Fried Green Tomatoes'
Oenothera
Origanum l. 'Rosenkuppel'
Penstemon d. 'Husker Red'
Rheum (purple undersides)
Sedum
Sempervivum
Viola labradorica

Turning Fall
Color

Allium thunbergii 'Ozawa' (orange)
Amsonia (yellow)
Arcostaphylos
Astrantia (yellow)
Bergenia (red-purple)
Ceratostigma (red)
Coreopsis tripteris
Cornus canadensis
Dracocephalum
Fern: Dryopteris erythrosora (oranges)
Epimedium (red)
Euphorbia (red)
Gaylussacia (orange)
Geranium (red)
Gillenia (yellow)
Grasses: Miscanthus 'Purpurascens' Schizachyrium Spodiopogon (red)
Mukdenia
Oenothera (red)
Patrinia (yellow)
Phlox carolina (yellow)
Potentilla tridentata(red)
Sedum sieboldii (pink)

Variegated Foliage
Ajuga
Alchemilla alpina
Brunnera 'Jack Frost'
Euphorbia
Fern: Athyrium
nipponicum
Geranium p.
'Samobor'
Grasses: Carex
Miscanthus
'Mysterious
Maiden'
Miscanthus
'Strictus'
Heuchera
Hosta
Iris ensata 'Variegata'
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Pachysandra
'Silver Edge'
Polemonium '
Stairway
to Heaven'
Polygonatum 'Variegatum'
Pulmonaria
Rumex
Tiarella 'Running Tapestry' 'Susquehanna'
Vinca 'Ralph Shugert'

Blue Toned Foliage
Allium
Caulophyllum
Centranthus
Corydalis
Dianthus
Dicentra
Grasses:
Festuca
Panicum 'Heavy Metal'
Schizachyrium
Helictotrichon
Hostas
Sisyrinchium

Gold Foliage
Dicentra 'Gold Heart'
Heuchera
Hostas
Lysimachia n. 'Aurea'
Sedum r. 'Angelina'

Evergreen Plants
Achillea
Arctostaphylos
Aurinia
Bergenia
Chrysanthemum
Epimedium
Ferns:
Dryopteris
Polystichum
Hedera
Helleborus
Iberis
Microbiota
Origanum
Pachysandra
Phlox
Potentilla
Salvia
Sedum
Thymus
Vinca
Waldsteinia

Plants for a Specific Function
Seaside Plants
(most tolerant of salt and wind*)
Achillea
Actaea
Ajuga
Anemone
Aquilegia
Arctostaphylos*
Armeria
Artemisia*
Asters
Astilbe
Aurinia
Baptisia*
Brunnera
Campanula persicifolia
Cerastium
Chrysanthemum
Comptonia
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Dianthus
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Echinops
Epimedium
Empetrum
Eryngium
Euphorbia
Grass:
Chasmanthium
Helleborus
Hemerocallis*
Heuchera
Hosta
Iberis
Iris
Leucanthemum
Limonium
Liriope
Lobelia
Nepeta*
Nipponanthemum*
Pachysandra
Paeonia
Papaver
Phlox
Physostegia*
Platycodon
Polemonium
Primula
Salvia*
Sedum
Solidago
Stachys*
Thalictrum
Thymus
Tiarella
Veronica
Vinca
Viola
Meadow Plants
Achillea
Agastache
Allium
Aquilegia
Asclepias
Aster
Baptisia
Boltonia
Coreopsis
Digitalis
Echinacea
Eupatorium
Filipendula
Gaillardia
Grasses
Helenium
Heliopsis
Iris versicolor
Lobelia
Lupinus
Lysimachia
Malva
Monarda
Penstemon
Phlox divaricata
Physostegia
Polemonium
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Sanguisorba
Scutellaria
Senna
Silphium
Sisyrinchium
Solidago
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Vernonia
Veronicastrum
Cascade Over Walls
Ajuga
Alchemilla
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia 'Boughton Silver'
Aster 'Schneegitter'
Aurinia
Campanula
poscharskyana
Centranthus
Cerastium
Corydalis
Empetrum
Galium
Gaultheria
Geranium
Hedera
Iberis
Indigofera
Lamiastrum
Lysimachia n. 'Aurea'
Phlox divaricata
Phlox stolonifera
Phlox subulata
Saxifraga
Sedum (low ones)
Sempervivum
Stachys
Thymus
Tiarella cordifolia
Vinca
Waldsteinia
Vertical Accent
(Either grasslike foliage or spiky tall flowers)
Actaea
Alcea
Allium
Astilbe
Baptisia
Delphinium
Digitalis
Grasses (tall)
Helianthus
Hemerocallis
Iris
Liatris
Lupinus
Perovskia
Sisyrinchium
Thermopsis
Veronica
Veronicastrum

Edging Plants
(Plants that stay low and neat)
Arabis
Armeria
Artemisia
Aruncus aethusifolius
Asarum
Asters (short)
Astilbe c. 'Pumila'
Bergenia
Brunnera
Calamintha
Campanula
Ceratostigma
Coreopsis
Dracocephalum
Dianthus
Epimedium
Gaillardia
Geranium
Geum
Grasses
Heuchera
Hostas
Iberis
Lamium
Lewisia
Liriope
Marshallia
Meehania
Mitella
Mukdenia
Nepeta
Persicaria affinis
Phlox subulata
Potentilla tridentata
Salvia
Sedum sieboldi
Sedum 'John Creech'
Sisyrinchium
Stachys
Teucrium
Thymus
Veronica

Ground covers -
large areas
Ajuga
Alchemilla
Anemone canadensis
Arctostaphylos
Cerastium
Ceratostigma
Dendranthemum 'White Bomb'
Epimedium rubrum
Ferns
Geranium
macrorrhizum
Grasses
Hedera
Hemerocallis
Heuchera villosa
Indigofera
Lamiastrum
Lysimachia n. 'Aurea'
Meehania
Nepeta
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Phlox stolonifera
Phlox subulata
Potentilla
Pycnanthemum
Rhus 'Gro-Low'
Sedum
Solidago
Thymus
Tiarella
Vinca
Waldsteinia
Xanthorhiza

Ground Covers
Crevices and
Walkways
Ajuga
Allium senescens
Arabis sturii
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia
Aurinia
Campanula (low types)
Ceratostigma
Dianthus
Dracocephalum
Empetrum
Gaylussacia
Grass: Carex
Gypsophila
Hosta
Iberis
Lysimachia n. 'Aurea'
Meehania
Microbiota
Mitella
Paxistima
Phlox stolonifera
Potentilla tridentata
Sagina
Saxifraga
Sedum
Sempervivum
Stachys
Stephanandra
Thymus

Zone 3
Achillea
Actaea pachypoda
Actaea racemosa
Ajuga
Alcea
Alchemilla
Allium christophii
Anemone
canadensis
Anemone multifida
Aquilegia
Arctostaphylos
Armeria
Asclepias incarnata
Aster
Astilbe
Baptisia
Bergenia
Caltha
Campanula
glomerata
Campanula
rotundifolia
Caulophyllum
Centaurea
Cerastium
Chelone
Clematis
Comptonia
Convallaria
Coreopsis tripteris
Cornus
Delphinium
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Echinacea
Echinops
Empetrum
Eupatorium
Ferns: Adiantum
pedatum
Dryopteris
championii
Matteuccia
Osmunda
Polystichum
Filipendula
Gaillardia
Gaultheria
Geranium 'Pink Penny'
Geum
Grasses:
Calamagrostis
Carex appalachica
Deschampsia
Festuca
Luzula
Miscanthis
purpurascens
Schizachyrium
Sodiopogon
Sporobolus
Gypsophila
Helenium
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Heuchera
Hosta
Hyssopus
Iberis
Iris sibirica
Lamium
Limonium
Linnaea
Lobelia
Lysimachia
Mertensia
Microbiota
Mitchella
Mitella
Oenothera f. 'Fireworks'
Packera
Paeonia
Papaver nudicaule
Papaver orientale
Penstemon
Persicaria
Phlox subulata
Polemonium
Polygonatum
commutatum
Potentilla tridentata
Pulmonaria
Pycnanthemum
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Sanguisorba
Saponaria
Scutellaria
Sedum
Sempervivum
Senna
Silphium
Sisyrinchium
Smilacina
Solidago
Thermopsis
Tiarella
Vaccinium
Veronica pectinata
Veronicastrum 'Fascination'
Viola labradorica
Seedheads
(These plants will
hold their stems and seedheads through
most of the winter.)

Actaea
Allium
Anemonopsis
Artemisia lactiflora
Aruncus
Asclepias
Astilbe
Astrantia
Baptisia
Boltonia
Ceratostigma
Coreopsis
Dictamnus
Echinacea
Echinops
Filipendula
Geum triflorum
Grasses
Iris sibirica
Ligularia
Limonium
Liriope
Papaver
Perovskia
Pulsatilla
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Sanguisorba
Scutellaria
Sedum
Senna
Solidago
Stylophorum
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Veronicastrum
Zizia

Berries or
Ornamental Fruit

(Poisonous: *)
Actaea*
\Aralia
Arctostaphylos
Caulophyllum
Cornus
Empetrum
Gaultheria
Gaylussacia
Mitchella
Polygonatum
Smilacina
Vaccinium

Heavy Clay Soil
Ajuga
Alchemilla
Anemone
Armeria
Aruncus
Aster
Bergenia
Digitalis
Echinacea
Eupatorium
Fern:
Athyrium filix-femina
Grasses
Hedera
Helenium
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Liatris
Ligularia
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Monarda
Polemonium
Ratibida
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Silphium
Thalictrum
Trollius

Native to U.S.
(New England natives: *)
Achillea*
Actaea*
Ajuga*
Amsonia
Anemone canadense*
Anemone multifida
Anemonella*
Aquilegia
Aralia
Arctostaphylos
Artemesia 'Boughton Silver'
Aruncus dioicus
Asarum canadensis*
Asclepias
Aster macrophyllus*
Aster varieties
Baptisia
Boltonia
Caltha*
Campanula glomerata
Caulophyllum
Chelone
Chrysogonum
Coreopsis tripteris
Cornus canadensis
Delphinium exaltatum
Dicentra eximia
Dicentra formosa
Echinacea
Empetrum
Eupatorium
Ferns* (most)
Filipendula rubra
Gaultheria*
Gaylussacia
Gentiana andrewsii*
Geranium maculatum*
Gillenia
Grasses:
Carex*
Chasmanthium
Deschampsia
Luzula
Panicum
Schizachyrium
Sporobolus
Heliopsis
Helenium
Heuchera americana
Heuchera villosa
Iris cristata
Iris versicolor
Jeffersonia
Liatris spicata
Linnaea*
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Meehania cordata
Mertensia
Mitchella
Mitella diphylla*
Monarda
Pachysandra
procumbens*
Packera aurea
Paxistima
Penstemon
Phlox
Physostegia
Podophyllum
Polemonium reptans
Polygonatum commutatum*
Potentilla tridentata
Pycnanthemum
Rudbeckia
Ruellia
Sanguisorba
Sedum nevii
Sedum telephioides
Sedum ternatum
Senna
Sidalcea
Silphium
Smilacina*
Spiranthes
Stokesia
Streptopus
Stylophorum
Thalictrum dioicum
Thermopsis
caroliniana
Tiarella cordifolia*
Trillium*
Trollius laxus
Vaccinium*
Vernonia
Veronicastrum
Viola labradorica
Viola pedata
Xanthorhiza
Zizia aptera*
Herbs: Medicinal,
Fragrant Foliage & other uses

(Many medicinal herbs are of questionable safety. Usage requires professional guidance.)
(aromatic foliage: *)

Achillea*
Aconitum
Actaea
Agastache (culinary)
Ajuga
Alchemilla
Angelica
Aralia
Arctostaphylos
Artemisia
Asarum
Calamintha
Caulophyllum
Comptonia
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Echinacea
Eupatorium
Filipendula
Galium*
Gaultheria
Geranium macrorrhizum*
Hyssopus *
Iris versicolor
Lavandula*
Monarda*
Nepeta*
Perovskia*
Pycnanthemum
Salvia
Sanguisorba
Senna
Stachys
Teucrium*
Thymus (culinary)*
Boggy Soil
Achillea millefolium
Actaea
Agastache
Ajuga
Alchemilla mollis
Amsonia
Aruncus
Asclepias incarnata
Aster nova angliae
Astilbe
Astrantia
Baptisia australis
Bergenia
Boltonia
Caltha
Campanula
glomerata
Chelone
Coreopsis tripteris
Coreopsis verticillata
Darmera
Dodecatheon
Echinacea
Empetrum
Epimedium rubrum
Epimedium versicolor
Eupatorium
Ferns:
Onoclea
Osmunda
Filipendula
Geranium maculatum
Grasses:
Calamagrostis
Carex
Miscanthus
Panicum
Helenium
Helianthus
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Heuchera Americana
Heuchera villosa
Hosta
Iris sibirica
Iris versicolor
Liatris
Ligularia
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia silphilitica
Lysimachia
Mertensia
Miscanthus
Mitella
Monarda
Osmunda
Penstemon
Phlox divaricata
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia
Primula
Ratibida
Rheum
Rodgersia
Rudbekia maxima
Sanguisorba
Senna
Silphium
Solidago
Spiranthes
Streptopus
Trollius laxus
Vaccinium
macrocarpon
Vernonia
Veronicastrum
Evergreen Plants
Achillea
Arctostaphylos
Aurinia
Bergenia
Chrysanthemum
Epimedium
Ferns: Dryopteris
Polystichum
Hedera
Helleborus
Iberis
Microbiota
Origanum
Pachysandra
Phlox
Potentilla
Salvia
Sedum
Thymus
Vinca
Waldsteinia
Deer Resistant
(repels deer: *)
If deer are very hungry, they will eat anything.
These are perennials that are less likely to be lunch.

Achillea*
Aconitum
Actaea
Agastache
Ajuga
Alcea
Alchemilla
Allium*
Amsonia
Anemone
Angelica
Aquilegia
Armeria
Artemisia
Aruncus
Asarum
Asclepias
Aster
Astilbe
Aurinia
Baptisia
Bergenia
Boltonia
Brunnera
Campanula
Centaurea
Cerastium
Ceratostigma
Chelone
Clematis
Convallaria
Coreopsis
Corydalis
Delphinium
Dianthus
Dicentra
Dictamnus
Digitalis
Echinops
Epimedium
Eryngium
Eupatorium
Euphorbia
Ferns
Filipendula
Galium
Gaultheria
Geranium
Geum
Grasses*
Gypsophila
Hedera
Helenium
Helianthus
Helleborus
Heuchera
Iberis
Jeffersonia
Kirengeshoma
Knautia
Lamium
Lamiastrum
Lavandula*
Leucanthemum
Liatris
Ligularia
Limonium
Lobelia
Lupinus
Macleaya
Marshallia
Mertensia
Mitchella
Monarda
Nepeta*
Oenothera
Origanum
Paeonia
Papaver
Penstemon
Perovskia
Physostegia
Platycodon
Polemonium
Polygonatum
Potentilla
Primula
Pulmonaria
Pulsatilla
Rodgersia
Rudbeckia
Salvia*
Scabiosa
Sedum (low types)
Sempervivum
Sidalcea
Smilacina
Solidago
Stachys
Stylophorum
Thymus*
Tiarella
Tricyrtis
Trillium
Verbascum
Veronica
Veronicastrum
Vinca
Viola
Shoreline Plants
Arctostaphylos
Asclepias incarnata
Aster
Baptisia australis
Caltha
Campanula
rotundiflora
Cornus canadensis
Eupatorium
Ferns: Dennstaedtia
Onoclea
Osmundas
Polystichum
Gaultheria
Grass: Carex
Iris versicolor
Linnaea
Lobelia cardinalis
Lupinus perennis
Mitchella
Solidago
Tiarella
Vaccinium
Heirloom Plants
(These are plants that
have been around for at least 50 years, have
a wealth of genetic diversity, and are a window to our heritage, not to mention great memories of our grandmothers’ gardens.)
Achillea
Alcea species
Alchemilla
Aquilegia canadensis
Armeria maritima
Asclepias
Baptisia australis
Boltonia asteroides
Campanula carpatica
Centaurea montana
Centranthus
Delphinium elatum
Dianthus
Digitalis
Echinacea
Eupatorium
Euphorbia
epithimoides
Gypsophila paniculata
Helenium
Heliopsis helianthus
Hemerocallis fulva
Iris cristata
Iris sibirica
Lavendula
Liatris spicata
Ligularia dentata
Limonium
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Lupinus
Lysimachia clethroides
Malva
Monarda
Penstemon
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia virginica
Platycodon
Polemonium
Pycnanthemum
Salvia officinalis
Silphium perfoliatum
Stachys
Veronica spicata
Rock Garden Plants
Achillea 'Maynard's Gold'
Alchemilla alpina
Allium s. 'Glaucum'
Arabis sturii
Armeria m. 'Splendens'
Artemisia
Arctostaphylos
Aruncus aethusifolius
Aurinia saxatilis
Campanula poscharskyana
Campanula
rotundifloraCorydalis
Dianthus
Empetrum
Gentiana septemfida
Geranium dalmaticum
Geum
Grass: Festuca
Heuchera
Heucherella
Iberis
Iris cristata
Leucanthemum 'Snowcap'
Lewisia
Marshallia
Nepeta nervosa
Patrinia gibbosa
Persicaria affinis
Potentilla tridentata
Pulsatilla
Ruellia
Salvia
Saponaria
Saxifraga
Sedum (short)
Sempervivum
Stachys
Thymus
 
How Many Plants Do I Need?
Preferred Spacing Multiplier Preferred Spacing Multiplier
5" 5.78 14" 0.74
6" 4.00 15" 0.64
7" 2.94 16" 0.56
8" 2.29 17" 0.50
9" 1.77 18" 0.44
10" 1.45 19" 0.25
11" 1.18 20" 0.16
12" 1.00 21" 0.11
13" 0.86 22" 0.08
KEY: Square Footage x Multiplier = number of plants needed
(for your job site, based on preferred spacing)
Poisonous and Summer Dormant Plants
This list was compiled through extensive research in current literature but should be used as a guide. If you have questions about plants not on this list, please contact your state poison control center. 1-800-562-8236

Highly poisonous: *

Internal poisoning
Achillea
Aconitum*
Actaea
Alcea
Anemone
Aquilegia
Artemisia
Asclepias
Caltha
Convallaria
Corydalis
Delphinium
Dicentra
Digitalis*
Dryopteris
Eupatorium rugosum
Euphorbia
Hedera
Helenium
Helleborus
Iris
Lobelia
Lupinus
Packera
Paeonia
Papaver
Podophyllum
Pulsatilla
Rheum
Sedum
Sidalcea
Solidago
Thalictrum
Veronicas
Vinca
May cause dermatitis/allergies

Achillea
Actaea
Allium
Artemisia
Asarum
Aster
Convallaria
Dicentra spectabilis
Dictamnus
Eupatorium
Euphorbia
Hedera
Helenium
Iris
Lobelia
Persicaria polymorpha
Primula
Rudbeckia
Summer Dormant
Plants that partly or mostly wither away by mid-summer. Plant bushy perennials such as Gypsophila, Coreopsis verticillata, etc. to fill gaps. *Extra moisture helps prolong most of them.
Anemonella
Caltha
Corydalis
Dicentra spectabilis
Dodecatheon
Mertensia
Papaver
Uvularia
Planting and Maintenance Tips
Here are some basic guides for working with perennials. If you would like to save the
time it takes to read this page, please memorize this one sentence. For best results
with most perennials please give them the following: organic matter, moisture, a
weed-free site, good drainage, good drainage, good drainage, and good drainage
.
I. DESIGNING WITH PERENNIALS
A. Pay attention to normal vantage point of your customer.
B. Think about bloom times to assure color throughout season.
C. Colors and textures are personal preference. Cool colors and fine textures recede visually
and calm you; warm colors and bold textures come forward and create excitement.
D. Create informal effects with curves, formal with geometric shapes.
E. Create depth and interest by putting some tall material in mid or frontal positions instead
of in back.
F. Most designers, unless using large plants, clump 3-5 (or more) of one variety together
for a more striking effect.
G. Space plants (See also spacing recommendation with each listing)
1. Clump-forming plants:
a) short plants (under 20") around 12"-18" on center.
b) mid-range plants (20"-30") around 24" on center.
c) taller plants need 2 1/2 to 3 feet on center.
2. Indefinitely spreading plants (ground covers):
a) guidelines for clump formers can be used, but each plant has a different growth
rate, so tailor spacing to customer’s tastes and budget.
II. PREPARING SOIL
A. Clear area of weeds.
B. Make sure soil is well drained:
a) deep digging, except in low areas.
b) raised bed is best.
c) drainage pipes in hopeless areas.
C. Improve soil structure if too much clay or sand:
a) use organic amendments, bark mulch, peat moss, etc.
b) dig entire bed one foot deep, mixing amendment.
D. Add fertilizer (our plants have a slow release fertilizer in pots):
1. Get soil test if possible; phosphorus is especially important for flowering plants.
2. Rake general purpose fertilizer into soil before planting.
3. If pH factor is below 5.5, amend with lime; if above 7.0 amend with peat moss
or other organic matter.
III. PLANTING
A. Loosen roots on bottom (or make a 2-inch vertical slice if they are very dense).
B. Plant in hole (2 times depth of pot) to same soil depth as container.
C. Water thoroughly, then mulch with 1-2 inches of organic matter (don’t pack mulch tightly
around plant base).
D. In hot weather, water 2-3 times weekly for a month or so.
IV. MAINTENANCE
A. Keep up with weeds; mulch helps (after plants fill in – this will only take a little time.)
B. Water deeply every 1-2 weeks depending on temperatures and soil type.
C. Fertilize with general purpose fertilizer in spring (and if needed in July or August)
D. Deadhead only in certain instances:
1. Large flowers that are unsightly.
2. To create a re-bloom.
3. To prevent seedlings from volunteering (some varieties) unless your customer wishes.
E. Divide many clump-forming perennials every 3-5 years for optimal growth.
1. Good times for dividing are early spring, when plants are 2-4 inches high, or in fall,
when leaves start to die back.
F. Provide winter protection:
1. New gardens or marginally hardy plants need protection, such as evergreen boughs,
pine needles or salt hay, applied in late November.
2. Best to cut back dead foliage, especially large leaved plants. Some gardeners leave
foliage for root mulch, but risk it harboring disease spores.
When to Divide Perennials
These lists are a general guide and depending on cultural conditions some plants may need division sooner or later than indicated.
3-5 years
Achillea
Agastache
Alchemilla
Allium
Arabis
Artemisia
Asters, New England
Asters, New York
Astilbe
Boltonia
Centaurea
Chrysanthemum
Chrysogonum
Coreopsis
Dianthus
Dicentra eximia
Echinacea
Euphorbia
Fern: Adiantum
Filipendula
Gaillardia
Geranium
Geum
Helenium*
Heliopsis
Hemerocallis
Herbs
Heuchera
Iris
Limonium
Malva
Monarda (every
3 years)
Oenothera
Origanum
Papaver
Penstemon
Persicaria
Phlox carolina
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia
Polemonium
Ratibida
Rudbeckia
Scabiosa
Sidalcea
Stachys
Stokesia
Veronica
Not at all or rarely
Aconitum
Actaea
Ajuga
Amsonia
Anemone
Anemonella
Anemonopsis
Armeria
Arctostaphylos
Asarum
Asclepias
Aurinia
Baptisia
Bergenia
Brunnera
Callirhoe
Caltha
Campanula
Cerastium
Chelone
Clematis
Convallaria
Darmera
Dicentra spectabilis
Dictamnus
Digitalis grandiflora
Disporum
Echinops
Empetrum
Epimedium
Eryngium
Eupatorium
Ferns
Filipendula rubra
Galium
Gaultheria
Grasses
Geranium
Gillenia
Hedera
Helleborus
Hemerocallis
(bloom improved
by division)
Hosta
Iberis
Indigofera
Kirengeshoma
Lamiastrum
Lamium
Ligularia
Liriope
Lysimachia
Macleaya
Meehania
Mertensia
Mitella
Omphalodes
Pachysandra
Packera
Paeonia
Patrinia
Perovskia
Phlox
Platycodon
Polemonium reptans
Polygonatum
Potentilla
Pulmonaria
Pycnanthemum
Rheum
Rodgersia
Ruellia
Sagina
Salvia
Sanguisorba
Saponaria
Sedum
Sempervivum
Silphium
Sisyrinchium
Smilacina
Solidago
Thalictrum
Thermopsis
Thymus
Tiarella cordifolia
Tricyrtis
Trollius
Vaccinium
Veronicastrum
Vinca
Viola
Zizia
Short lived
Alcea
Anemone
Angelica
Aquilegia
Campanula (some)
Cerastium
Corydalis
Delphinium
Dianthus (some)
Digitalis (2 years)
Gypsophila
Knautia
Leucanthemum
Lobelia
Lupinus
Scabiosa
Sidalcea
Verbascum
 
Cross reference chart
For plants with very different common names and Latin names.
Common Name Latin Name
macrocarpon
Common NameLatin Name
Alexander, Heart LeavedZizia
AlkanetBrunnera
AlumrootHeuchera
Anise Hyssop Agastache
Avens Geum
Baby's BreathGypsophila
Bachelor's ButtonCentaurea
Balloon FlowerPlatycodon
BaneberryActaea
Barbara's ButtonsMarshallia
Barren StrawberryWaldsteinia
Barrenwort Epimedium
Basket of Gold Aurinia
BearberryArctostaphylos
Beardtongue Penstemon
Bear's Foot HelleboreHelleborus foetidus
Beebalm Monarda
BellflowerCampanula
BetonyStachys officianalis 'Pink Cotton Candy'
Bird's Foot VioletViola pedata
BitterrootLewisia
Black CohoshActaea racemosa
Black SnakerootCimicifuga racemosa
Black-eyed SusanRudbeckia
Black GroundselLigularia
Blanket FlowerGaillardia
Blazing StarLiatris
Bleeding Heart Dicentra
Blue CohoshCaulophyllum
Blueberry, LowbushVaccinium
Blue-eyed GrassSisyrinchium
Blue-eyed Mary Omphalodes
Blue FlagIris versicolor
Blue Mist ShrubCaryopteris
Blue StarAmsonia
Bottle GentianGentiana andrewsii
Bowman's Root Gillenia
Box HuckleberryGaylussacia
Bugbane Actaea(Cimicifuga)
BugleweedAjuga
BunchberryCornus canadensis
BurnetSanguisorba
Butterfly WeedAsclepias
Canby's Mountain LoverPaxistima
CandytuftIberis
Cardinal Flower Lobelia
CatmintNepeta
Celandine PoppyStylophorum
Checker MallowSidalcea
ChiveAllium
Christmas RoseHelleborus niger
CinquefoilPotentilla
ColumbineAquilegia
Compass PlantSilphium
ConeflowerEchinacea
Coral Bells Heuchera
Cornflower Centaurea
Cranberry, Amerian Vaccinium
Cranesbill Geranium
Creeping JennyLysimachia nummularia
Crimson Fans Mukdenia
CrowberryEmpetrum
Culver's RootVeronicastrum
Cup PlantSilphium
Cushion SpurgeEuphorbia
DaylilyHemerocallis
Dead Nettle Lamium
Doll's EyesActaea pachypoda
DragonheadDracocephalum
European GingerAsarum
Fairy BellsDisporum
Fairy Cup Mitella
False AnemoneAnemonopsis
False IndigoBaptisia
False DragonheadPhysostegia
False LupineThermopsis
False Solomon's SealSmilacina
False SpireaAstilbe
False Sunflower Heliopsis
Ferns:
AutumnDryopteris erythrosora
Champion's Dryopteris championii
Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides
CinnamonOsmunda cinnamomea
Hay-scentedDennstaedtia punctiloba
InterruptedOsmunda claytonia
Japanese PaintedAthyrium niponicum
Lady Athyrium filix femina
Leather WoodDryopteris marginalis
Maidenhair Adiantum pedatum
Male Athyrium filix mas
OstrichMatteuccia struthiopteris
RoyalOsmunda regalis
SensitiveOnoclea sensibilis
Thick Stemmed WoodDryopteris crassirhizoma
FleeceflowerPersicaria polymorpha
FoamflowerTiarella
Foamy Bells x. Heucherella
FoxgloveDigitalis
Fragrant Lady's TressesSpiranthes
Gas PlantDictamnus
GayfeatherLiatris
GentianGentiana
GermanderTeucrium
GingerAsarum
Globeflower Trollius
Globe ThistleEchinops
Goat's BeardAruncus
GoldenrodSolidago
Gooseneck LoosestrifeLysimachia clethroides
Grasses:
Blue FescueFestuca
Blue Oat Helictotrichon
BluestemSchizachyrium
Dwarf FountainPennisetum Hameln
Feather ReedCalamagrostis
Frost Spodiopogon
Maiden Miscanthus
MoorMolinia
Northern Sea OatsChasmanthium
Pennsylvania Sedge Carex pennsylvanica
Porcupine Miscanthus 'strictus'
Prairie DropseedSporobolus
SedgeCarex
Switch GrassPanicum
TussockDeschampsia
Yellow HakoneHakonechloa
Green and GoldChrysogonum
Helen's FlowerHelenium
Hens and ChicksSempervivum
Hollyhocks Alcea
Hollyhock Mallow Malva
Indian RootAralia
Irish MossSagina
IronweedVernonia
IvyHedera
Jacob's Ladder Polemonium
Japanese Catmint Nepeta subsessilis
Japanese Wood Poppy Glaucidium
Joe-Pye WeedEupatorium
Kale, Giant Crambe
Kashmir SagePhlomis
KnapweedCentaurea
Lace Shrub Stephanandra
Lady's MantleAlchemilla
Lambs' Ears Stachys
Larkspur Delphinium
LeadwortCeratostigma
Lemon LilyHemerocallis flava
Lenten Rose Helleborus orientalis
Lily of the ValleyConvallaria
Lily-turfLiriope
LoosestrifeLysimachia
LungwortPulmonaria
Mallow Malva
Marsh Marigold Caltha
Masterwort Astrantia
MayapplePodophyllum
MayflowerEpigaea
Meadow-rue Thalictrum
MeadowsweetFilipendula
Meehan's MintMeehania
MerrybellsUvularia
Michaelmas DaisyAster
Milkweed Asclepias
MonkshoodAconitum
Montauk DaisyNipponanthemum
Mountain BluetCentaurea montana
Mountain FleecePersicaria 'Firetail'
Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum
MugwortArtemisia
MulleinVerbascum
Mums, hardyChrysanthemum
MyrtleVinca
Obedient PlantPhysostegia
Oregano Origanum
Ornamental OnionAllium
Ozark SundropsOenothera macrocarpa
PartridgeberryMitchella
Pasque FlowerPulsatilla
PearlwortSagina
PeonyPaeonia
PeriwinkleVinca
Petunia, wildRuellia
Phlox, CanadianPhlox divaricata
Phlox, Creeping Phlox stolonifera
Phlox, GardenPhlox paniculata
Phlox, Moss Phlox subulata
Pigsqueak Bergenia
Pincushion Flower Scabiosa
PinksDianthus
Plantain LilyHosta
Plumbago Ceratostigma
Plume PoppyMacleaya
Poppy Papaver
Poppy MallowCallirhoe
Prairie SmokeGeum triflorum
Primrose Primula
Purple ParsnipAngelica
Queen of the PrairieFilipendula
Rat StripperPaxistima
Red ValerianCentranthus
Rhubarb, OrnamentalRheum
Rock Cress Arabis
Rodger's FlowerRodgersia
Rose Twisted StalkStreptopus
Rue AnemoneAnemonella
Russian ArborvitaeMicrobiota decussata
Russian SagePerovskia
SageSalvia
Scabious Scabiosa
Sea HollyEryngium
Sea LavenderLimonium
Sea Thrift Armeria
SenecioPackera
Shasta DaisyLeucanthemum
Shooting StarDodecatheon
Silver Mound Artemisia
SkullcapScutellaria
SmartweedPersicaria
SneezeweedHelenium
Snow in SummerCerastium
SoapwortSaponaria
Solomon's SealPolygonatum
SpeedwellVeronica
Spikenard, American Aralia
SpurgeEuphorbia
Squaw WeedPackera
Stars of PersiaAllium christophii
Stokes Aster Stokesia
Stonecrop Sedum
SumacRhus
SundropOenothera fruticosa
SunflowerHelianthus
Swamp SunflowerHelanthus a. 'Gold Lace'
Sweet FernComptonia
Sweet PeaLathyrus
Sweet Woodruff Galium
ThriftArmeria
Thyme, lemonThymus citriodorus
Thyme, mother ofThymus praecox
Thyme, woolyThymus pseudolanuginosis
Tickseed Coreopsis
Toad LilyTricyrtis
Trailing ArbutusEpigaea
TurtleheadChelone
TwinflowerLinnaea
Twinleaf Jeffersonia
Umbrella Plant Darmera
Upright Wild GingerSaruma
Virginia BluebellsMertensia
WaxbellsKirengeshoma
Welsh PoppyMeconopsis
White SnakerootEupatorium rugosa
White Wood Aster Aster divaricatus
Wild Oats Uvularia sessifolia
Willow Leaved Sunflower Helianthus sal.
WindflowerAnemone
WintergreenGaultheria
WolfsbaneAconitum
Wood Rush, GreaterLuzula
WormwoodArtemisia
YarrowAchillea
Yellow ArchangelLamiastrum
YellowrootXanthorhiza